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Pathologist’s Role – In Diagnosis, Quality & Patient Safety

Pathologist are physicians and diagnostic experts who provide the link between the science and practice of medicine. All treatment begins with diagnosis. It can be either the result of common blood  test, tissue biopsy or molecular analysis. Pathologist are the one who give directions to work with the patient problems.

All specimen that comes from a patient will be sent by a pathologist. Moreover samples for chemistry tests, blood counts, microbiology cultures and testing for transfusions…these are all overseen by the pathologist. Pathologist’s error can result in misdiagnosis, delay in diagnosis and be a cause of patient harm. Nearly 75% of information in the medical record come from the lab. Pathologists are responsible for managing this tremendous amount of information.Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care and pathologist play a major role in this. It provides an explanation of a patient’s health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions.

Pathologists must ensure the accuracy and precision of laboratory testing to maximum extend to deliver the highest quality results. The principles of quality assurance and quality control were first used in this field of medicine. Pathologists have developed quality control programs for critical and routine testing. Furthermore they also help in creating cost effective algorithms for the testing of many diseases. They monitor lab test utilization, lowering cost  and helping improve outcomes. They help address problems of both over-utilization and under-utilization.Also Pathologists help prevent adverse events while in the hospital, including blood clots and hospital acquired infections.

By doing accurate diagnoses of tissue samples and by overseeing the quality testing of blood samples, pathologists play a vital role in patient safety. Pathologists provide leadership in the blood bank. They ensure the safe donation and transfusion of blood products.



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